What is Salmonella?

Salmonella belongs to a genus of Gram-negative, non-spore forming rod-shaped, motile enterobacteria. Salmonella get the necessary energy by means of oxidation as well as reduction reactions with the help of organic sources. Salmonella infections tends to be zoonotic in the sense that they are liable to be shifted between nonhuman animals and humans.

Salmonella bacterium causes the disease salmonellosis which is a kind of food posioning.
There are many different kinds of these bacteria; Salmonella typhimurium  and Salmonella enteritidis are the most common types in the United States.